Just like their human parents, guinea pigs’ nails should be maintained at their ideal length for health reasons. When their nails are allowed to grow too long, these will curl which can affect the mobility of these small pets. If you are afraid of hurting your pet, no worries because, in this article, we will share tips on how to trim guinea pig nails the easy and safest way possible.
Steps to Follow on Trimming Guinea Pig Nails
The front feet of your cavy has four (4) toes while its back feet has three (3) toes, which means you have to maintain 14 toenails. Each of its nails on the toes continually grows throughout its lifetime. Each nail has a blood vessel which is known as the ‘quick’ which is either pink or red.
In some cases, some cavies have dark nails which makes nail clipping more difficult because the quick cannot be seen. But, follow the steps below so you can avoid hurting your small pet.
1. What Do You Use to Trim Guinea Pig Nails?
The first thing to do is to gather all the necessary tools. The clipper, towel, and styptic powder to stop bleeding (in case you cut the quick), and treats. You can substitute cornstarch or flour for the styptic powder.
There are three (3) types of nail clippers you can use for your pet.
The first is the guillotine-style clipper, a clipper for small animals like cats and small dogs. It’s with a groove situated in the blades that act as a guide so you can position it properly, thereby, preventing over-cutting the nails. You need to position the nail through the hole and then squeeze the handle. This type of nail clipper gives the nails of your cavy a nice and clean finish.
- Fast and quiet
- No need to replace the batteries
- The squeezing motion can scare your hamster
- If you are not careful, you can easily injure the quick
The second is the nail grinder. This is one of the tools that you can use on trimming guinea pig nails. It is either battery-operated or electric. The grinders have a small and rotating apparatus that spins at high-speed and files the nails short through friction. This grinder can be likened to sandpaper.
- Ideal if your cavy has clipper anxiety
- Good for those that have dark and thick nails
- Gives smooth and rounded nails
- The sound can scare your hamster
- You can still accidentally hit the quick
- Grinding causes dust and odor from the nails
Can you use human nail clippers on guinea pigs? Yes, the third is the clipper for humans. If you choose this, be careful because a human nail clipper squeezes the nail before cutting it. This may cause pain to your guinea pig.
2. How to Properly Hold Your Guinea Pig for Nail Trimming?
There are two (2) options on how to trim guinea pig nails:
The Upright Position Hold
Take out your cavy from its cage slowly. With your one hand, grasp it from behind under the forearms and then support its hindquarters using your other hand.
To get into the comfortable position for trimming your cavy’s nails, position your less dominant hand under the arms or across its chest while maintaining its back in an upright position against your upper torso. So, in this position, your guinea pig’s stomach is facing away from you. You will notice that its toes will spread open each time you hold it this way. This upright position allows you to trim its nails quickly without stressing your pet too much.
Now, with your dominant hand, get the clipper and begin cutting its nails one at a time.
Before placing back your cavy to its cage, check for bleeding. If there is, apply the styptic powder. Once done, make sure to give your pet its much-deserved hamster treats.
Take your pet out of its cage in the same manner as described in option 1. Wrap your cavy with a soft towel and then slowly position it on top of your lap. Be sure that it is facing away from you so that it will not bite you in case it got scared or hurt.
Make it feel relaxed by giving it the treats or by petting it. Then, hold its hind foot between your index and thumb fingers. Locate the quick which is either red or pink. Cut the nail just above the quick, lest, it will bleed. In that case, apply the styptic powder.
Continue with the rest of the nails. If your cavy gets agitated, allow it to rest for a few minutes before proceeding with the other nails.
Once you are done, place it back in its cage and give the guinea pig treats.
How to Trim Guinea Pig Nails That Are Black?
Not all cavies are the same. Some of them are born with black nails which make it harder to locate the quick.
The safe way to solve this issue is by cutting just the tip of nails. Be on the side of caution, so if you have to trim it more often, then do. Or, you may also use a torch/flashlight so you can see where the quick is.
Is it your first time to trim your guinea pig’s nails? If so, it is safer if you will ask someone to assist you.
Useful tips on how to trim guinea pig nails:
- To prevent you from cutting the quick, trim off about 1/4” each session
- In case you cannot stop your cavy from moving, wrap its body with a soft towel with one of its legs out for clipping. Just don’t wrap it too tightly
- Take breaks in between feet so you can reduce the anxiety of your pet
- You can use a magnifying lamp to make it easier for you to locate the quick. This is especially true if your cavy has dark or black nails.
- Make sure that your cavy is in a relaxed state. If not, calm it down by petting it or by offering it some of its fave treats.
How to Trim Guinea Pig Nails That Are Curling?
Nails that are growing too long will eventually curl which will only make it harder for you to trim.
As your cavy’s nails grow longer, so does the blood supply or the quick, meaning it follows the nails down. That said, there is a bigger chance that trimming those curled nails may result in bleeding.
What you have to do is to cut only the uppermost top of the nails every few days so the blood vessel will recede. Once you’ve done this regularly, the nails will go back to their normal length and the blood vessel will shrink back. At this point, you can trim the nails every two (2) to four (4) weeks.
What to Do If You Cut the Quick of a Guinea Pig?
Sometimes no matter how careful you are, you may accidentally cut the quick of your guinea pig that results in bleeding. If that happens, do not panic because this is not a matter of life-and-death situation for your pet. Here’s what to do:
- Apply the styptic powder at the bleeding part by using a cotton swab. Apply pressure to stop the bleeding.
- You may also press beeswax or soap on the tip of the injured nail to halt the bleeding.
If you are not yet done trimming all the nails, postpone it for another day because it will only agitate your pet. If the bleeding has completely stopped, place your cavy back in its cage and allow it to enjoy its delightful treats.
How to Tell If It Is Time to Trim Those Nails?
Here are some signs that will tell you that it’s time for your cavy to have those nails done:
- The nails are beginning to curl over.
- If your pet is walking on a wooden floor, you’d hear tapping or clicking sounds.
- It’s been more than a month since its last ‘manicure/pedicure’ session.
How Often Do You Trim a Guinea Pig’s Nails?
We recommend frequent nail trimming for your pet’s nail health and comfort. Once a month is recommended. Also, the more you trim those nails, the more you become familiar with the anatomy of your pet’s nails and paws. Not to forget, you will be more confident because you already know where the quick is.
Here’s another benefit of regular nail trimming: If the nails are allowed to grow too long, the bloodline moves closer to the tip of the nails. Conversely, trimming regularly makes the bloodline recedes.
Is Your Guinea Pig Old Enough for Its First Nail Trimming?
While your cavy is young, its nails are usually short and sharp. The right age for it to have its first nail trimming is at two (2) months of age.
It is best to let your pet get accustomed to mani/pedi at a young age so it will be a relaxing routine for both of you in the years to come.
Guinea Pig Nail Health
Each time you trim your pet’s nails, it is a good idea to inspect the feet to see if there are any signs of health issues. Not to forget that having trimmed nails will prevent your cavy from getting infections.
Listed below are some of the common nail and foot health problems that are known to affect these little cavies:
If you fail to maintain the nails of your cavy, these will curl under its footpad and will cause discomfort in its mobility. Plus, its feces can get caught underneath those curled nails making the foot area susceptible to catching a bacterial infection.
Broken and Missing Nails
If you follow our tips on how to trim guinea pig nails, you’d prevent your pet from having torn and missing nails.
How does this happen? If the nails are left uncut, these can get caught on things like your cashmere sweater. This may result in broken and even missing nails. Is this worrisome? It depends. If the nails are bleeding, you may apply the styptic powder. If the bleeding wouldn’t stop, check if some irregularities warrant a Vet visit.
Keep in mind that by maintaining the ideal length of your guinea pig’s nails is the best solution for the prevention of broken or missing nails.
There are some cases when they develop spurs, these are flaps of hardened skin that stick out from the front feet. These corn-like protrusions can also develop between toes and at the soles of the feet.
If you see spurs or abnormal growth, do not attempt to remove it yourself, instead, let the Vet teach you how you can safely cut the spurs.
Ulcerative Pododermatitis (Bumblefoot)
If you allow those nails to grow, skin laceration can occur. You’d see scabs and small tumors on the footpad. A laceration can cause inflammation and bacterial infection, and in advanced cases, may also affect the bones and tendons.
What Are the Signs of Foot and Nail Infections?
If you see any of the symptoms below, it is worth taking your cavy to the Vet:
- Swollen tendon or joints
- Difficulty walking
- Thinning of hair on the affected foot
- Reduced appetite as a result of pain
Nothing beats prevention and the only way to do that is by learning it and doing it religiously.
- 4 Things Affect the Lifespan of Guinea Pigs
- 5 Factors to Consider as a House Pet in Between Guinea Pigs and Hamsters
To Sum Up…
Trimming the nails of your guinea pig may be challenging at the beginning, more so if your cavy is not cooperating well. But, with patience and extreme care, you and your small pet will find a nail-trimming session a walk in the park especially if you will follow the tips we gave you on how to trim guinea pig nails the easy and safest way possible.